What Are Beliefs?

What Are Core Values?

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What are beliefs?

Our beliefs are at the core of who we are.

Beliefs guide our decisions and behavior in all areas of our life. They determine what we think is or is not possible. More often than not they prove to be self-fulfilling prophecies. In the first half of the 20th century the world believed that it was impossible to run a mile in under four minutes. When, on May 6th 1954, Roger Bannister ran a mile in 3.59 minutes, everyone was in awe. Then, a curious thing happened. Within the following year many other runners ran the mile in under four minutes. It was as if a spell had been broken. To understand this phenomenon better, we have to take a closer look at our beliefs, and how they affect us.

Where do our defining beliefs come from?

From the time we were babies we responded to our parents or carers; when we were distressed and were comforted we were already forming the belief that our parents are powerful beings who bestow love and comfort both physically and emotionally. If we are left to cry, our needs untended, then we may form the belief that we are not worth bothering with, or that our world is a place of need, want and loneliness.

As small children we were dependent on our parents and other adults, these were "big people" (literally). We looked up to our parents; we believed they spoke the truth so we adopted many of their beliefs. Most of our beliefs are based on what they told us about ourselves and what we observed around us.

We have a basic human need to be loved, so we demand that love from those who care for us, usually our parents. But sometimes our cries for help come when our parents are preoccupied with their own problems. They may have responded to us with irritation, with anger or even violence. We quickly learn what behaviour we needed to adopt to earn the love of our parents, or simply to avoid their anger.

We may have learned to suppress our true selves in order to gain their approval. For example we might hide our creativity so as not to compete, or suppress our playfulness so that we don't annoy. How often do we need to hear "children should be seen but not heard" before we learn to silence our voice and our spirit. So even as small children our deepest core beliefs are formed, beliefs about ourselves, other people, our worthiness and our view of the world.

As children we were immersed in the world and the belief systems of our parents, siblings, peers, teachers, and even the media in the form of publications, television and radio. Having limited experience, we relied on this external information so that our reality was formed from these thoughts and beliefs. We developed inner subconscious thoughts that defined our beliefs and the type of person we believe ourselves to be.

How do our beliefs affect us?

During our lives, from the time we are born, we are bombarded with beliefs. The beliefs of our parents and carers, our siblings and relatives our friends, teachers and the people with whom we work as well as the media - the things we watch on television and read in newspapers and magazines. So our beliefs, both limiting and empowering, are formed from all the things that have happened around us as we began to develop and grow up. Even as adults, although we have been exposed to many different challenges that may have affected and changed our lives, some of our old beliefs may remain locked in their child like states. Although outdated, we are still affected by these childhood beliefs.

So, what happens when the beliefs we hold are limiting. Beliefs that limit our happiness, our sense of worthiness, our success - those beliefs that deceive us into believing that we are not able to follow our life's dreams, that can prevent us from loving, not just ourselves, but other people as well? There are many areas in our lives where limiting beliefs can have a big impact.

"...the problem was automatically enlarged and amplified by going into the library of my mind and retrieving all past experiences labelled "Rejection", I was experiencing a lifetime of accumulated events rather than simply the one in the present moment"
Stephen Wolinsky
Trances People Live

If there was conflict in our family environment when we were growing up, we may believe that there is no such thing as "happy families". We may believe that we cannot hope for happiness and joy, and that relationships can be dangerous, either physically or emotionally. Why does the battered wife return to her husband or engage in further abusive relationships? Is it the belief that it is all they deserve? They may even feel safe in this familiar environment and if they themselves come from an abusive childhood home, they may hold the belief that they are not worthy of anything else.

As school children we were subject to the criticism of our friends and teachers. We needed the approval of our friends to help us to belong, to feel part of the group. If we were excluded from a group of children we wanted to be accepted by, especially if that exclusion included jibes and name calling, then our belief in ourselves and our worth would have weakened. Our teachers often appear all knowing, so when they question our abilities, we believe them.

There is also the theory that limiting beliefs can influence our physical bodies. Connections have been found between bodily ailments and emotions. For instance, a stomach ache may be resistance to new challenges and conditions, a neck problem might indicate a lack of flexibility. When we live with limiting beliefs our bodies could well "feel" those beliefs in the form of illness, aches and pains, etc.

We assume that when life does not go the way we would like it to or when we experience difficulties that the fault lays outside of ourselves. This can be the case, for instance, if your boss decides to keep you in your place and not to allow you to grow in your profession. This problem originates with your boss and his own beliefs - perhaps he needs to feel superior or in charge, which is a result of his insecurities and belief system. How you react to this situation will be a product of your own beliefs about yourself and your abilities.

There is another way that beliefs can be formed - rather than the "drip feed" method that happens over time and with repetition - "how may times do I have to tell you, you'll never amount at anything, you're useless".

If you were to suffer an incident that was very traumatic, a belief can be instantly formed because the event has such a big impact on you. It's as though it is printed in big letters on the inside of your memory! The sort of event that can trigger an instant belief is usually a frightening or scary incident. For instance, you might be attacked and robbed or injured by a young person wearing a hooded jacket, when walking home at night. This could lead you to believe that it's not safe to go out at night and that young people, especially those whose faces are hidden by a hood, are dangerous. If this belief continued it could spoil your evenings out and prevent you from living a normal life.

How do empowering beliefs affect us?

Empowering or positive beliefs have the opposite effect to limiting beliefs. Just imagine that you have received praise for achieving something that was a great challenge to you, how do you feel? Probably as though you could accept an even more demanding challenge and succeed. When you are told that you are a wonderful person or are loved, you grow within, you expand and feel worthy. When you have helped someone and received their thanks, you feel useful, needed and capable.

Empowering beliefs, like limiting beliefs are absorbed from childhood; the more we are appreciated and approved of, the more we believe in ourselves and our abilities. We are also able to withstand the knocks and misfortunes of life without losing sight of our own value and worth. Empowering beliefs lead to high self esteem, limiting beliefs lead to low self esteem.

Some of the beliefs we hold give us great strength and empowerment.

Other beliefs deplete our energy and our self confidence.

In conclusion

Throughout our lives, but especially as young impressionable children who have no other source of information, our subconscious mind uncritically receives information from those people we are in contact with. Many of us have heard the voice of criticism from the time we were small children and we hear this voice echoing throughout our lives.

Criticism has a deep and lasting impression, so comments such as "you are bad" or "I was better off before I had you" will become accepted by your subconscious mind and filed away for future reference, resulting in beliefs of unworthiness forming, such as, "I don't deserve good things". On the other hand, when we receive more praise than criticism, "well done, you are clever", our belief system is empowered with positive beliefs that will stay with us throughout our lives. The greater the emotional impact, such as in times of stress or enhanced feelings, the more likely it is that we will accept these statements, programming them into our subconscious mind.

We mistake beliefs for facts, but they are not, they are our perception of our reality, of how life works for us.

A good question to ask yourself is:

Where do I limit myself?

What a big question that can be!


What are Core Values?

Our core values are who we are; they are those things that really matter to us, the things we hold special. They create how we feel about the events in our life and they form the framework of our belief system. They are not necessarily right or wrong, but they are important to us. Our core values are as unique to us as our fingerprints - subtly different from any other person's values. We create a sense of wholeness and fulfilment in our life when they are honoured. We often lose sight of who we are, for example when asked to describe ourselves we will often say we are a mother/father, a secretary, a home maker, a nurse or a daughter/son etc. But in fact we are none of these. Those descriptions form an important part of our life and help us to define what we do, but they are not who we are.

Core values are why we do what we do; they act as permissions and prohibitions on how we act. Values are not logical and don't have to be justified with reason. They are largely unconscious; indeed the values that have the most impact on us are the ones we are not consciously aware of. These values direct our behaviour and purpose, they motivate our actions and provide a frame of reference from which we evaluate and judge the results of our actions from our own point of view. The core values that are deep within our subconscious are the values that have the most influence in defining who we think we are.

How Are Core Values Formed?

It has been shown that there are three major periods in our lives when our values are formed. The first period is the Imprint Period which occurs from birth to the age of seven, this is the period when we get our "basic programming". By the age of four most of our "major programming" has take place - most of our fears and phobias are created between the ages of three to seven. The second period is the Modelling Period which is when we begin to consciously or unconsciously form our basic behaviours by copying the behaviour of others. It is thought this is the period when we develop most of our values, and that depending upon what was happening to you at this point in your life, your values were formed around those events. The third period is the Socialisation Period, between the ages of 14 and 21. At this point in our lives we learn our relationship and social values, by the age of 21 our core values are mostly formed.

Our beliefs are connected to our values, each belief being linked to a value. Sometimes our values can conflict with each other. Some of these conflicts could be as simple as ordering a meal at a restaurant - we want something that tastes wonderful but is full of cream and we worry about the calories. If one of your values is your 'family' and another 'career' and your career keeps you so busy you're late home and often work weekends, then you might feel guilty and uncomfortable because you aren't spending enough time with your family.

Many of our values (as well as our beliefs) are copied from other people, usually those we are closest to such as family, carers and teachers. In recent years many young people have been heavily influenced by television, films and magazines.

So our attitudes about our lives are created by clusters of beliefs and values that are formed by our experience of life.

Why is it important to discover your core values?

Living in agreement with your values is fulfilling.
Living in conflict with your values is stressful and dissatisfying.

It can be difficult to know what our personal values really are, so often we are influenced by the expectations of other people. When we cannot make a decision or choose between various courses of action it may be that there is a conflict in our minds. Sometimes we do what we think we must do or what others think we should do, and sometimes we do what our own personal values guide us to do. Either way we can end up feeling guilty!

Just because we have identified our values and aligned them to our goals we might expect life to become easier for us, after all we have become a "genuine" person and theoretically we know what is important to us because we have discovered our values. But we might be in conflict; this could be in any are of our lives, either at work, during leisure time or with the family. If we choose to align ourselves with our values which might lead us away from our old and familiar behaviour, then we have to decide whether we wish to remain true to ourselves, living a life that is true to our values, or do we decide to keep other people happy by accepting their values. When we accept and own our core values we can at least make informed choices. Sometimes there is a compromise to be made that will keep everyone happy, but at least by knowing and acknowledging our values it helps us to make informed choices and decisions.

In conclusion

Our values usually change with our lives, what we value as a child may well change when we become an adolescent and then an adult. As we grow into the later part of our lives, we may change again, especially in the face of illness, death or loss of loved friends or relatives. Do we then value the position we may have held in our career or the fast car and large house that may once have been what we lived and strived for?

Our values are those that fit in with the life and the time we are living in - our present reality. As we travel through our lifes journey our values may need to be reviewed from time to time, especially when we find that we are no longer satisfied with the life that once seemed fulfilling to us. Thus, when it comes to values, those values that were so exciting and relevant when we were twenty are probably very different from those that excite us at forty. As we go through life we shift to new sources of energy and our core values may adapt to reflect that change.

"You find peace not by rearranging the circumstances of your life,
but by realising who you are at the deepest level"
Eckhart Tolle - Stillness Speaks